Vedic Mathematics is a collection of Techniques/Sutras to solve mathematical arithmetics in easy and faster way. It consists of 16 Sutras (Formulae) and 13 sub-sutras (Sub Formulae) which can be used for problems involved in arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, conics.
Vedic Mathematics is a system of mathematics which was discovered by Indian mathematician Jagadguru Shri Bharathi Krishna Tirthaji in the period between A.D. 1911 and 1918 and published his findings in a Vedic Mathematics Book by Tirthaji Maharaj
Veda is a Sanskrit word which means ‘Knowledge’.
Using regular mathematical steps, solving problems sometimes are complex and time consuming. But using Vedic Mathematic’s General Techniques (applicable to all sets of given data) and Specific Techniques (applicable to specific sets of given data), numerical calculations can be done very fast.
History Of Vedic Mathematics
Shri Bharathi Krishna Tirthaji Maharaj was born in March 1884 in the Puri village of Orissa state. He was very good in subjects like mathematics, science, humanities and was excellent in Sanskrit language. His interests were also in spiritualism and mediation. In fact when he was practicing meditation in the forest near Sringeri, he rediscovered the Vedic sutras. He claims that these sutras/techniques he learnt from the Vedas especially ‘Rig-Veda’ directly or indirectly and he intuitively rediscovered them when he was practicing meditation for 8 years.
Later he wrote the sutras on the manuscripts but were lost. Finally in year 1957, he wrote introductory volume of 16 sutras which is called as Vedic Mathematics and planned to write other sutras later. But soon he developed cataract in both of his eyes and passed away in year 1960.
How Vedic Mathematics is Beneficial and What are the Advantages of Vedic Mathematics
Vedic Mathematics can definitely solve mathematical numerical calculations in faster way. Some Vedic Math Scholars mentioned that Using Vedic Maths tricks you can do calculations 10-15 times faster than our usual methods. I agree this to some extent because some methods in Vedic Mathematics are really very fast. But some of this methods are dependent on the specific numbers which are to be calculated. They are called specific methods.
Gaurav Tekriwal, Founder of vedicmathsindia.org on Quora, mentioned below The Use of Vedic Mathematics.
More than 1700% times faster than normal Math: this makes it the World’s Fastest. • Eradicates fear of Math completely. So If your child has Math-Phobia High Speed Vedic Math is a Fun-Filled way to do Math and arises interest in your child. • Much Improved Academic Performance in School and Instant Results. Just see the first exercise and believe it for yourself. Go over the examples given in the tutorials you would be amazed. • Sharpens your mind, increases mental agility and intelligence. • Increases your speed and accuracy. Become a Mental Calculator yourself. • Improves memory and boosts self confidence. • Cultivates an Interest in your for numbers. • Develops your left and right sides of your brain hence using intuition and innovation. It has been noted that Geniuses have been using the right side of the brain to achieve exceptional results. • Easy to master and apply. You just need the knowledge of tables to learn this.
Vedic Maths Techniques/Sutras have the maths tricks for fast calculation and can be used in exams like CAT, CET, SAT, Banking Exams, etc.
A Holistic Approach
Vedic Maths is concerned with a universal structure of Maths revealed through a personal approach to problem-solving and other fields of human activity. It is described by a small collection of aphorisms called sutras. Sutras express naturally occurring mental processes by which mathematical problems can be solved with the least effort. Vedic Maths does not advocate the sole use of blanket methods through which students can reduce problems to merely mechanical responses to given stimuli. Instead, it encourages an intelligent and holistic approach — one that engenders reason and develops strategic thinking. There are blanket methods as well as special case methods. If you find that a problem can be solved by an easier or different method from what is commonly taught, then that is used as a valid method, even if the problem is solved just by inspection. The sutras describe such principles and methods.
Each sutra covers a wide range of applications, and the recognition of the same underlying thought pattern at work has the effect of unifying diverse aspects of Maths. An example of this is the Paravaryta Yojayet sutra, meaning ‘transpose and adjust’. It occurs wherever there is an action by which something is transferred to something else with a resulting adjustment. Such is the case when an architect transposes a previously used plan to a new situation or a doctor adjusts a common prescription to suit the needs of an individual. The mathematical applications of this sutra are manifold such as for transformations, equations, polynomial division, matrices, analytic geometry, calculus, and many others.
The sutras also reflect deeper philosophical truths concerning human nature, our perception of the world and our relationship with it. For example, one sutra states Vyashti Samashti, Specific and General. A simple application is in finding a mean, which provides a single number that represents the whole. It describes the principle in which something of the whole is reflected in the part or individual — a wide-ranging law or principle permeating throughout nature. For example, oak trees have characteristics common to all trees of that genre and yet each oak tree is different from every other. The commonality is reflected in each individual. The same principle occurs in the Egyptian, Hermetic, Platonic, Hindu, Judaic, Islamic and Christian teachings often expressed as “As above, so below.”